The essays in the book compare the Czech Republic and Slovakia since the breakup of Czechoslovakia in 1993. This is the only English-language volume that presents the synoptic findings of leading Czech, Slovak, and North American scholars in the field. The most significant new insight was that, in spite of predictions by various pundits in the Western World that the Czech Republic would flourish after the breakup and Slovakia would languish, the opposite has happened. While the Czech Republic did well in its early years, it is now languishing while Slovakia, which had a rough start, is now doing very well. Anyone interested in the history of the Czech and Slovak Republics over the last twenty years will find gratification in reading this book.